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General Information

Egypt is synonymous with Pharaohs, the pyramids, temples and antiquities from ancient civilizations. And at the center of these great civilizations lies the Nile River that has influenced their economics, social life, politics and religion. It is the oldest travel destination on earth: Greek and Roman travelers came in 430 BC to wonder at some of the very sights that make it a modern travel destination today. The magnificence of the painted Valley of the Kings, exquisite temples and the pyramids were all sought-after subjects of admiration, and many were already 2,500 years old!

For those of you who do like a few facts though, here is some Background information about Jordan - The full name of this country is 'The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan.
Hashemite' is the name of the royal family who are descendents of Hashim, the Great-grandfather of the prophet Mohammad.
Kingdom' in its usual meaning i.e. the royal monarchy system, which recognizes The King as the head of state.
Jordan' is the famous river which divides the country into two main parts; the east and the west bank.


At A Glance
Area: 1 Million sq Km.
Population: 70 Million.
Capital: Cairo, 20 Million.
Area: 1,89,206 sq km.
Population: 5.5 Million.
Capital: Amman, 1.8 Million.
99% Egyptians, Berbers, Bedouin. 1% Haematic. And Nubian.
98% Arabs. Of this number, more than 60% are Palestinian Arabs, Bedouin.
Arabic, English.
Arabic. English is widely understood.
System of Government
Republic, President Mubark is the head of the state.
Monarchy, King Abdullah II is Jordan’s head of State.
94% Muslim, 6% Coptic Christians.
92% Sunni Muslim. Jordan is a secular state and guarantees complete freedom of worship to non-Muslims.
Egyptian Pounds (LE). LE 1 consists of 100 piaster.
Jordanian Dinar (JD). JD 1 consists of 100 piaster.
Time Zones
Egypt is 2 hours ahead of Greenwich Mean Time. Daylight saving time is from the first of May and ending on 30 September.
Jordan is 2 hours ahead of Greenwich Mean Time. Daylight saving time is from the last Sunday in March to the Saturday before the last Sunday in October. During this period, Jordan is 3 hours ahead of GMT.
220 Volts. Sockets are of the European, 2 pronged variety. If taking a hairdryer or camcorder, be sure to pack a power adaptor.
220 Volts. Sockets are of the European, 2 pronged variety. If taking a hairdryer or camcorder, be sure to pack a power adaptor.
Trading Hours
Banking hours are from 0800-0830 through to 1400 hrs from Sunday to Thursday. Many banks in Cairo also open again from 1700 or 1800 hrs for a few hours largely to cater for foreign exchange transactions. ATM Machines are available 24 hours a day, if stuck, and of course bureau de change and money changers are generally open throughout the course of the Although not set in concrete, most shops open during the summer from 0900-1300hrs and then again from 1700-2200 hrs or even later.
9 AM to 2 PM Saturday to Thursday. Banks are open from 08.30am to 12.30pm and 4pm to 6pm Saturday to Thursday. Private businesses keep similar hours but are more flexible. Friday is generally Jordan’s leisure or rest day, where few businesses remain open.
The climate in Egypt is for the most part, hot and dry. This applies to most of Egypt for the majority of the year, with the exception being the winter months of December, January and February, when in the North it can get cooler. Average temperatures range from 20-25 degrees Celsius on the Mediterranean coast to 28-30 degrees Celsius in Aswan in the south. Maximum temperatures can be fiercely hot during the high summer months of May, June, July, August and September, exceeding 38 degrees Celsius daily with extremes of up to 50 degrees Celsius at times. In the winter at nighttime, temperatures can plummet to below 10 degrees Celsius along.
Average daily maximum temperatures in Amman range from 12 C in January to 32 C in August. The weather in the Jordan Valley (Petra) and south of the country is very hot during the summer months of April through September. Daytime temperatures can exceed 38 C and increase to as high as 49 C. In winter (Dec to Feb) temperatures can range from 0 C to just 12 C. If visiting during winter, you will need to pack warm clothes for sightseeing and also for your stay in the desert at Wadi Rum.
Recommended Places to Visit
Cairo, Luxor, Aswan, Alexandria, Red Sea.
Aqaba, Wadi Rum, Petra, Dead sea, Amman.
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